Manufacturing Glossary - Terms and Definitions (2023)

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In our years of working with manufacturers — from high-tech electronic to automotive to medical device companies — we have learned the terms commonly used in their respective industries and compiled them into a list. Leverage this glossary to build your vocabulary of manufacturing acronyms and terms.


AML(Approved manufacturer list) A set of approved relationships between manufacturer parts and a company’s internally defined parts. Each relationship links a manufacturer’s part number to an internal part number and results from the R&D team’s identifying the third-party parts that can be used to satisfy the manufacturing demand for the internal part. All approved AML parts for each internal part can share a single inventory bin.

The relationship is usually represented this way:

Manufacturing Glossary - Terms and Definitions (1)

APQP(Advanced product quality planning) A framework of procedures used to develop products in the automotive industry.

AVL(Approved vendor list) A list of all the vendors or suppliers approved by a company as sources from which to purchase materials.


BOM(Bill of materials) The list of parts or items that make up a product assembly. A complete product BOM often includes subassemblies, which may represent different steps in the assembly process. For instance, a lawn mower may include the following elements: a handle assembly, a metal deck assembly, a control assembly, a motor and a blade assembly.

  • For more information see this article,Creating a Bill of Materials.

BOM Level(Bill of materials level) The place occupied by a part or assembly in the hierarchy of a BOM.


CADA system used to create physical designs, usually three-dimensional. Some examples of CAD software are SolidWorks by Dassault Systemes, Pro/ENGINEER by PTC and AutoCAD by Autodesk.

CAPA(Corrective action/protective action) A good manufacturing practice (GMP) concept, in which product failures are investigated in an attempt to correct their current occurrence (corrective action) and/or prevent similar occurrences in the future (protective action).

CAR(Corrective action request) A change request documenting a critical problem with a product.

Change ManagementProcess of creating, reviewing and gaining formal approval for engineering change requests, change orders and change notifications.

Change OrderSeeECN(engineering change notice) andECO(engineering change order).

Change RequestOutlines a problem and proposes an action to address the problem. Some types of change requests are: DCR (document change request), ECR (engineering change request), FFR (field failure request), MCR (manufacturing change request) and SCAR (supplier corrective action request).

Child ItemAn item that appears in the BOM of another item is said to be a child of that item. For example, a motor would be a child item in the lawn mower BOM example above (see BOM).

CM(Contract manufacturer) A firm hired by a company to manufacture or assemble its product or part of its product.

ComplianceThe practice of tracking whether or not a product complies with government-imposed regulations or a company’s self-imposed standards. Some types of compliance requirements are environmental requirements (e.g. RoHS and WEEE) and medical device regulations (e.g. 21 CFR Part 11 and 21 CFR Part 820).

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Compliance MarkA physical mark listed on a product or its packaging to show the product’s compliance with a specific requirement (e.g.UL,CE,CCC,FCCandVCCI).


DCR(Document change request) A change request which details a problem with a document, specification or SOP (standard operating procedure) and proposes a change to fix it.

DHF(Design history file) A collection of records that describes the design history of a finished medical device. The design history file documents the design decisions made throughout the development of the device including sign-off events, change information, meeting notes, test data and reports and evidence that the device has been scrutinized carefully against design and performance specifications. The design history file provides the chronology of the design, including previous revision information and phase gate details.Source: 21 CFR Part 820 Sec 820.3

DHR(Device history record) A collection of records containg the production history of a medical device. This includes the serial and lot numbers of the devices produced, and any complaints or issues that are lodged against particular devices. In addition, it may include CAPA records describing investigations, corrective and preventive actions and details about how any complaints were addressed.

DMR(Device master record) A collection of records that contain the procedures and specifications for a finished medical device. This includes the BOM for the device, product and material specifications, packaging and assembly instructions. Post processing, cleaning and sterilization requirements, hardware and software specifications and source code may be included too, depending on the type of device. The DMR provides all information required to correctly build the current production revision of the device.Source: 21 CFR Part 820 Sec 820.3 and 820.181

Document ControlThe function of managing and controlling product documentation. This includes maintaining and properly distributing product files while following revision control procedures.


EBOM(Engineering bill of materials) A BOM organized according to CAD/EDA tool and engineers’ preferences and processes. The EBOM represents only the physical product being “engineered,” not the packaging or manufacturing consumables. It often includes items for a single engineering discipline only, summarizing or excluding items from other disciplines.

  • For more information see this article,Engineering Bill of Materials: The Ins and Outs.

ECAD Software(Electrical computer aided design software) Software used in the design and development of electronic systems such as printed circuit boards (PCBs) and integrated circuits (ICs). OrCAD by Cadence, Catia by Dassault Systemes and PADs by Mentor Graphics are examples of ECAD tools.

ECN(Engineering change notice) An official notice that a change has been approved. Many companies use a formal ECN to ensure their CMs (contract manufacturers) and other manufacturing partners are building the right thing. For more information see this article,Engineering change notice (ECN)—The start to an efficient change implementation.

ECO(Engineering change order) Documentation that outlines a proposed change to a design, lists the product or part(s) that would be affected and requests review and approval from the individuals who would be impacted or charged with implementing the change. ECOs are used to make modifications to components, assemblies, associated documentation and other types of product information.

ECR(Engineering change request) A change request listing proposed improvements or problems with components or assemblies. An ECR may be a precursor to an ECO.

EDA(Electronic design automation) Software tools used to develop integrated circuits and systems. Some examples of EDA software include Altium Designer by Altium, DxDatabook by Mentor Graphics and OrCAD Capture CIS by Cadence.

ERP(Enterprise resource planning) Business strategy used to keep track of activities like purchasing, inventory and order tracking. Some examples of ERP software systems include NetSuite and Expandable.


FFR(Field failure request) A change request which details a problem with the product as observed in the field.

FFF(Form, fit & function) A description of an item’s identifying characteristics. Form refers to the shape, size, dimensions, mass, weight and other visual parameters that uniquely distinguish an item. Fit is the ability of an item to physically interface with, interconnect with or become an integral part of another item. Function is the action or actions that an item is designed to perform. Changes in an item’s form, fit or function are typically considered significant enough to merit a new item number. For more information see this article,Form Fit Function: Ensure that necessary part changes have a minimal impact on your manufacturing process.


GMP(Good manufacturing practice) A set of guidelines for how to manage each aspect of production and testing that can impact the quality of a product. GMPs are part of a quality system covering the manufacture and testing of active pharmaceutical ingredients, diagnostics, foods, pharmaceutical products and medical devices.Adapted from source:


ItemA part, process or document included in a manufacturer’s product record.

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Item MasterList of all components that a manufacturer buys, builds or assembles into its products. The item master includes information like the size, shape, material, manufacturer, manufacturer part number and vendor for each component.

ISO 9000(International standards organization 9000) An international quality-process auditing program. Manufacturers that adhere to specified quality processes receive certification for complying with this standard.

ISO 13485(International standards organization 13485) Quality system standards and guidelines for the development of medical devices.

ISO 14000(International standards organization 14000) Standards and guidelines for environmental management systems.

ITAR(International traffic in arms regulations) A set of United States government import and export regulations. Manufacturers in the aerospace and defense industry and others that provide products to the U.S. military and government often have to comply with ITAR.


JIT(Just in time) A strategy used to monitor inventory levels with the goal of reducing inventory and associated carrying costs.


KanbanA scheduling system that advises manufacturers what to produce, when to produce and how much to produce. Devised by Toyota, the approach is based on demand creating a “pull.” Inventory is replenished only when visual cues like an empty bin or cart show that it’s needed. This differs from a “push” inventory system where deliveries are planned in advance based on a master schedule.Adapted from source:


Made-to-SpecDescribes an item that is made to a company’s specifications internally or by a supplier.

MBOM(Manufacturing bill of materials) A BOM organized into subassemblies that reflect the manufacturing process. The MBOM represents the physical product, packaging and included documentation. It contains all components required to build the product — made-to-spec, off-the-shelf, mechanical, electrical, software and firmware.

  • For more information see this article,Manufacturing BOM: Critical for Successfully Building a Product

MCAD Software(Mechanical computer aided design software) Software used by mechanical engineers to develop concepts and designs of mechanical systems. Some examples of MCAD software include SolidWorks by Dassault Systemes, Pro/ENGINEER by PTC, Solid Edge by Siemens and AutoCAD by Autodesk.

MCO(Manufacturing change order) A change order used to make a manufacturing change. This typically does not involve a design change to the item. An example is a change to the approved manufacturer list (AML) or a change in the manufacturing processes used to produce a part. If a MCO does require a design change is it often accompanied by an ECO. For more information see this article,Three tips for creating a manufacturing change process that works.

MCR(Manufacturing change request) A change request used to propose a manufacturing change that does not require a design change to an item. An example is a change to the approved manufacturer list (AML).

Manufacturing DeviationA temporary change in production or a manufacturing procedure. An example is the use of a substitute part. Deviations may be planned or unplanned.

MES(Manufacturing execution system) A system that controls and manages production on the factory floor with the goal of reducing the total time needed to produce an order.

MarkupA document, such as a redlined drawing, that has annotations indicating recommended changes to a file.

Multi-level BOMA BOM that captures how multiple sub-assemblies come together to produce a final product. It can be visualized as a nested list whose parts or items are listed in two or more levels of detail. For more information see this article,Managing Multi-Level BOMs.

In this example the “400000-00 Lawn Mower” shows the level 2 details of “100000-00 Assy Handle”:

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Manufacturing Glossary - Terms and Definitions (2)

MWI(Manufacturing work instructions) Information and directions on how to perform a manufacturing task.


NPD(New product development) The overall process of conceptualizing, designing, planning and commercializing a new product. NPD is also frequently referred to as “product development.”

NPD process(New product development process) A disciplined and defined set of tasks and steps that describe the normal means by which a company repetitively converts embryonic ideas into salable products or services.

NPI(New product introduction) The market launch or commercialization of a new product. NPI takes place at the end of a successful product development project.


OEM(Original equipment manufacturer) The original manufacturer of a product that may be sold or marketed by another company.

Off-the-ShelfDescribes an item that is procured from a supplier as-is, with no modifications.


Parent ItemDescribes an item that contains another item (i.e. a child item) in its bill of materials. An assembly-component or assembly-subassembly relationship can be described as a parent-child relationship.

Part NameA unique name assigned to a part.

Part NumberA unique numerical value assigned to a part.For more information see the following articles:Part Numbering Schemes—Intelligent vs. Non-IntelligentandPart number system: How to get started.

PDM System(Product data management system) Also referred to as a “work in progress (WIP) vault” or file repository. A PDM system is used to hold mechanical CAD files, including parts and assembly models as well as drawing files.

PDX(Product data eXchange) An iNEMI (international electronics manufacturing initiative) standard. PDX is an open XML (eXtensible markup language)-based standard allowing organizations to access their data directly, even using their own XML-based applications/tools. PDX is commonly used throughout the design chain and the supply chain to deliver the multi-level BOM, AML, recent change history and supporting design files zipped in a single file. There are several free PDX viewers on the market. Check out Arena PDXViewer – a cloud-based PDX Viewer. PDX standards information can be found on the iNEMI site.

PLM(Product lifecycle management) The management of the product record, including bills of materials, specifications, revisions and changes, from prototype through end-of-life.

Procurement TypeDescribes how a part is bought or made, typically OTS (off-the-shelf) or MTS (made-to-specification). In some cases the part may be built in house or outsourced from a vendor.

Product RecordA general term that describes all design, manufacturing, quality, sales and repair information about a product.

PrototypeAn engineering-quality sample build of a product, typically intended to test high-risk aspects of the design.


QMS(Quality management system) Documents all aspects of a company’s design and operational controls, including monitoring, issue reporting, continuous improvements and training, in order to ensure that product design and manufacturing have statistically in-control repeatable product deliveries. It can also be a set of controls for other departments, such as human resources, Finance/accounting and corporate reporting.

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Redlineis the marking of an assembly drawing or bill of materials (BOM) to indicate a modification.

Reference DesignatorAn alphanumeric code (e.g., R17) that gives the physical location of a component on a PCB (printed circuit board). A code for each part is listed on the bill of materials and physically printed on the PCB so the manufacturer knows where to place all the components.

RequirementReferences the standards against which companies measure their products. A requirement could be a government regulation regarding environmental or safety concerns, or any internal standard.

RevisionA snapshot of a product, part, process, program, design or document at any moment in its development.

Revision ControlThe process of tracking and documenting changes to a product, part, process, program, design or document.

RoHS(Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment 2002/95/EC) An initiative that was adopted by the European Union (EU) in February 2003 and put into effect July 1, 2006, to restrict the usage of six hazardous substances—lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers—in products sold within the EU.

RMA(Return material authorization) A financial and work order tracking key to identify a returned item’s origination. Used in a transaction in which a customer returns goods to a manufacturer, often to have them repaired or replaced.


SCAR(Supplier corrective action request) A change request describing an issue with a part, process or component from a supplier and asking for a resolution. A SCAR sometimes includes details about how the complaint should be addressed.

ScrubbingUsed in the phrase “scrubbing a BOM” to describe the process of confirming that all aspects of a bill of materials (BOM) are documented accurately in the appropriate control systems and verifying that the BOM represents a manufacturable assembly.

Single-Level BOMA bill of materials that lists all the parts or items in a product assembly one level below the top-level assembly. In the example below, “400000-00 Lawn Mower” is the top-level assembly and this is its single-level BOM:

  • 400000-00, Lawn Mower
    • 100000-00, Assy Handle
    • 200000-00, Assy Metal deck
    • 300000-00, Assy Controls
    • 400000-00, Assy Motor
    • 500000-00, Assy blade

SKU(Stock keeping unit) A unique sales stock identifier usually controlled by the business side of a company. A SKU is generally disassociated from the engineering definition and engineering change controls for a product.

SOP(Standard operating procedure) A written document or instruction detailing all steps and activities included in a process or procedure.Adapted from source:


Title 21 CFR Part 11Code of Federal Regulations that deals with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines on electronic records and electronic signatures in the United States. Defines the criteria under which electronic records and electronic signatures are considered to be trustworthy, reliable and equivalent to paper records. For more information on 21 CFR Part 11,visit the FDA website.

Title 21 CFR Part 820Quality system regulation set forth by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The purpose is to ensure that quality systems involved in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products and medical devices are appropriate for the specific items designed or manufactured. For more information on 21 CFR Part820,visit the FDA website.

TTM(Time to market) The period of time from development of a product concept to availability of the finished product. It starts when a development project has been agreed to and resources have been committed and ends when the final product is shipped to customers. For more information, please see this article:Improving Time to Market.


UOM(Unit of measure) Describes how manufacturers use or buy a part. The most common UOM is “each,” but standard measures like feet, inches, pints, drops, box, etc. can also be used.


WEEE Directive(Waste electrical and electronic equipment directive) European Community directive 2002/96/EC where manufacturers are responsible for disposing of electrical and electronic equipment waste.

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What is manufacturing short answer? ›

Manufacturing is the making of goods by hand or by machine that upon completion the business sells to a customer. Items used in manufacture may be raw materials or component parts of a larger product. The manufacturing usually happens on a large-scale production line of machinery and skilled labor.

What is the terms of manufacturing? ›

What Is Manufacturing? The term manufacturing refers to the processing of raw materials or parts into finished goods through the use of tools, human labor, machinery, and chemical processing. Manufacturing allows businesses to sell finished products at a higher cost than the value of the raw materials used.

What are the 3 types of manufacturing? ›

There are three types of manufacturing production process; make to stock (MTS), make to order (MTO) and make to assemble (MTA).

What is manufacturing in 30 words? ›

Manufacturing is the process of converting raw material into finished and more valuable products, This sector transforms raw materials into finished products creating more choices for the consumers and a more prosperous society.

Why is manufacturing important? ›

Manufacturing matters to the United States because it provides high-wage jobs, commercial innovation (the nation's largest source), a key to trade deficit reduction, and a disproportionately large contribution to environmental sustainability.

What are 10 things that are manufactured in a factory? ›

Among the most important manufacturing industries are those that produce aircraft, automobiles, chemicals, clothing, computers, consumer electronics, electrical equipment, furniture, heavy machinery, refined petroleum products, ships, steel, and tools and dies.

What are examples of manufacturing? ›

For example, bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors are considered manufacturing because they create products out of components. On the other hand, book publishing, logging, and mining are not considered manufacturing because they don't change the good into a new product.

What is manufacturing system and its types? ›

Manufacturing systems can refer to the top-level distinction between discrete and process manufacturing. Broadly, the former is assemblies of standardized parts, that could be disassembled later—things like cars and computers. The latter is a chemical transformation such as food and pharmaceuticals.

What are the 5 types of manufacturing? ›

Five types of manufacturing processes
  • Repetitive manufacturing.
  • Discrete manufacturing.
  • Job shop manufacturing.
  • Process manufacturing (continuous)
  • Process manufacturing (batch)
2 May 2022

What are the 6 main manufacturing processes? ›

Six types of manufacturing processes
  • Repetitive Manufacturing.
  • Discrete Manufacturing.
  • Job Shop Manufacturing.
  • Process (Continuous) Manufacturing.
  • Process (Batch) Manufacturing.
  • 3D Printing.

What are the 5 basic process types? ›

In manufacturing, process types can be considered under five categories of project, jobbing, batch, mass and continuous. A description of each process type is followed by some examples of where each process type might be used.

What is basic manufacturing process? ›

There are four basic production processes for producing desired shape of a product. These are casting, machining, joining (welding, mechanical fastners, epoxy, etc.), and deformation processes.

What are the steps of manufacturing? ›

  1. Initial planning stage. ...
  2. Product Development Phase. ...
  3. Prototype production/evaluation. ...
  4. Commercial prototype production planning. ...
  5. Commercial Prototyape Production/Evaluation. ...
  6. Commercial Production. ...
  7. Inspection,Shipment,Delivery.

Who is called manufacturer? ›

A manufacturer is a person or company that produces finished goods from raw materials by using various tools, equipment, and processes, and then sells the goods to consumers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, or to other manufacturers for the production of more complex goods.

Who is manufacturer answer? ›

A manufacturer is a person or a registered company which makes finished products from raw materials in a bid to make a profit. The goods are later distributed to wholesalers and retailers who then sell to customers. The retailers display the products via brick and mortar stores or on 3rd party ecommerce platforms.

How many types of manufacturing industries are there? ›

Ans: Industries are divided into two types, on the basis of the raw materials used. They are described below: Agro Based Industries: Cotton, woollen, jute, silk textile, rubber, sugar, tea, coffee, etc. Mineral Based Industries: Iron and steel, cement, aluminum, petrochemicals, etc.

What are the main features of manufacturing industry? ›

23 Mar 2006

What are the challenges in manufacturing? ›

The Top 5 Manufacturing Challenges & Potential Solutions
  • Supply Chain Disruption. For the foreseeable future, supply chain disruptions are among the biggest challenges impacting the manufacturing sector. ...
  • Labor Shortage. ...
  • Worker Safety. ...
  • Emerging Technologies & Cybersecurity. ...
  • Capacity Constraints.
25 Aug 2021

What is manufacturing type of business? ›

A manufacturing business is defined as a business that uses components, additional parts, or raw materials to make a finished good. The product is then either sold directly to other industries, consumers, or to a store that consumers shop at to obtain an item.

How can I be successful in manufacturing? ›

Five Proven Success Factors for Manufacturing Growth
  1. Good planning. According to 60% of respondents, thorough planning was the top factor in their successful growth. ...
  2. Hard work and determination. ...
  3. Agility and response to market demands. ...
  4. Right technology in place. ...
  5. Staff with the right skills.

What are the 8 manufacturing sectors? ›

Types of Manufacturing Industries
  • Clothing and Textiles. Companies that process raw wool, cotton and flax to make cloth are categorized under the clothing and textiles sector. ...
  • Petroleum, Chemicals and Plastics. ...
  • Electronics, Computers and Transportation. ...
  • Food Production. ...
  • Metal Manufacturing. ...
  • Wood, Leather and Paper.
8 Nov 2018

What are different methods of manufacturing? ›

Continuous process manufacturing

The difference is this process focuses on raw materials that are often gases, powders, liquids or slurry. Oil refining, metal smelting, paper production and some food products like tomato sauce, juice and peanut butter use continuous process manufacturing.

What are manufacturing systems? ›

A manufacturing system is any combination of actions and processes used throughout the production of any goods. While businesses have developed various different systems and processes over time, they've become an increasingly important element of any production environment.

What are manufacturing services? ›

Manufacturing Services means full turnkey assembly, including development and deployment of manufacturing, inspection and test processes, procurement of Components, assembly and test of Products to Specifications, quality control and quality improvement and value engineering.

Who is a manufacturing worker? ›

A manufacturing job involves the creation of new products either from raw materials or by assembling different components through physical, chemical or mechanical means. Manufacturing can exist on a large scale for items such as phones, cars, computers and food and beverages.

What are types of layout? ›

There are four basic layout types: process, product, hybrid, and fixed position.

What is the function of manufacturing system? ›

The manufacturing function is primarily responsible for implementing and operating the production system in order to produce the product. Manufacturing may also include purchase, distribution, and installation as well as the physical manufacture of the component.

What is manufacturing give two examples? ›

Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing. Example: Paper is manufactured from wood, sugar from sugarcane, iron and steel from iron ore and aluminium from bauxite. Primary goods are manufactured and become finished goods.

What are the two basic manufacturing processes? ›

Key takeaways

Manufacturing processes categorized by the nature of the product are discrete manufacturing and process manufacturing. Discrete manufacturing means producing single, distinguishable items while process manufacturing deals with bulk products such as gases, emulsions, liquids, etc.

What are different types of process? ›

  • 1 Structured Process (Production Process) Structured processes can be production processes producing products and services. ...
  • 2 Case-type Process (Semi-structured, loosely structured) ...
  • 3 Research Process. ...
  • 4 Engineering Process. ...
  • 5 Artistic Process.
17 Jun 2021

What is production and process? ›

Production is the process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs (plans, knowledge) in order to make something for consumption (output). It is the act of creating an output, a good or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals.

What are the 5 m of manufacturing? ›

Lean is an all-encompassing philosophy that takes the 5 M's (Man, Material, Machines, Methods, and Money) and harmonizes or helps orchestrate them together for the best possible outcome in your manufacturing operations.

What are the 5 steps of manufacturing? ›

5 Steps: How to Manufacture a Product
  • Step 1: Research Research….and do more Research. Before you begin looking for manufacturers, do your research on your product. ...
  • Step 2: Designing your part. ...
  • Step 3: Outsourcing. ...
  • Step 4: Design input. ...
  • Step 5: Manufacturing your product.
21 Feb 2014

What are the 4 types of operations management? ›

Every business operates along four basic focus dimensions: finance, customers, internal processes, and learning and innovation. These theoretical divisions of operations management come from the research of Robert S. Kaplan and David P.

What is the biggest manufacturing company? ›

Volkswagen Group

What is planning in manufacturing? ›

Production planning is the act of developing a guide for the design and production of a given product or service. Production planning helps organizations make the production process as efficient as possible.

What do you mean by manufacturing Class 8? ›

Answer: (i) Manufacturing is the process in which goods are produced after processing the various raw materials. The raw materials themselves may be manufactured products.

Who is a manufacturer? ›

A manufacturer is a person or company that produces finished goods from raw materials by using various tools, equipment, and processes, and then sells the goods to consumers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, or to other manufacturers for the production of more complex goods.

What is a manufacturing system? ›

A manufacturing system is any combination of actions and processes used throughout the production of any goods. While businesses have developed various different systems and processes over time, they've become an increasingly important element of any production environment.

What is manufacturing and its types? ›

A manufacturing process uses manufacturing methods, operations scheduling software, machinery, and labor to transform raw material into the finished product. Broadly, there are five manufacturing processes, and most businesses that create products will fall into one of these five categories.

How many types of industries are there? ›

There are four types of industry, namely primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary. Primary industries involve the activities related to extraction and processing of natural resources, such as agriculture, mining, fishing, etc.

What are the various stages of production in an industry Class 8? ›

The three main stages of production are: Pre-production: Planning, scripting & storyboarding, etc. Production: The actual shooting/recording. Post-production: Everything between production and creating the final master copy.

How many types of industries are there on the basis of raw materials used? ›

Complete Answer:

Industries are classified on different basis such as raw materials, size and ownership. If we talk about the basis of size, then there are four types of industries, i.e. large scale industries, small scale industries, medium industries and cottage industries.

How do manufacturers work? ›

A manufacturer is any business that produces finished goods from raw materials. They sell these goods to consumers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, and other manufacturers wanting to create more complex items. Manufacturers typically stick to one type of product.

What is manufacturer word? ›

The word comes from manufacture, which as a noun originally meant "something made by hand," from the Latin roots manus, "hand," and factura, "a working." Definitions of manufacturer. someone who manufactures something. synonyms: producer.

What are types of layout? ›

There are four basic layout types: process, product, hybrid, and fixed position.

What is basic manufacturing system? ›

There are three common types of basic production systems: the batch system, the continuous system, and the project system. In the batch system, general-purpose equipment and methods are used to produce small quantities of output (goods or services) with specifications that vary greatly from one batch to the next.

What is job type production? ›

Job production, sometimes called jobbing or one-off production, involves producing custom work, such as a one-off product for a specific customer or a small batch of work in quantities usually less than those of mass-market products.

What are the 5 manufacturing processes? ›

Five types of manufacturing processes
  • Repetitive manufacturing.
  • Discrete manufacturing.
  • Job shop manufacturing.
  • Process manufacturing (continuous)
  • Process manufacturing (batch)
2 May 2022

What are the steps of manufacturing? ›

  1. Initial planning stage. ...
  2. Product Development Phase. ...
  3. Prototype production/evaluation. ...
  4. Commercial prototype production planning. ...
  5. Commercial Prototyape Production/Evaluation. ...
  6. Commercial Production. ...
  7. Inspection,Shipment,Delivery.

What are process types? ›

The general type of a process. There are three elementary process types (assignment, manifestation, and containment) and four compound process types (their combinations). Each process type represents an infinite number of specific concepts (see examples in Table 4a & b ).


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